Solar Energy potential of India

Posted on Posted in Knowledge Center


“Readily available” and “easy to use” is the selling point on fossil fuel. These power plants carried out by coal and mineral oil do not only cause heavy greenhouse gas emission, but sources became limited over the years and are non-renewable. Energy demands only by fossil fuel will not able to meet the energy demands of such a growing population.

Rate of Increase Energy Consumption: 4.2% (refer)

Approximate coal consumption in recent years: 407 MTOE

Consumption of coal by India: 11% worldwide

Total coal reserves in India: Meagre 8% worldwide

With the figures as mentioned above, coal would last perhaps maximum a decade (refer). Luckily things are starting to change tremendously over the past couple of years, as solar power in India is starting to take over the energy demands of the country. India has about 300 sunny days a year which means that an estimate of 5000 trillion (1012) kilowatt-hours per year of solar energy is possible. This exceeds the energy output of all fossil fuel energy reserves in India which last year stood at 1209 * 107 kilowatt- hour (refer).

he world must turn to (the) sun to power our future. As the developing world lifts billions of people into prosperity, our hope for a sustainable planet rests on a bold, global initiative.” Narendra Modi Prime Minister of India

Solar power is being supported by the government’s ambition around clean energy as well.

At the moment India is one of the countries with the highest solar electricity production per watt installed because of its climatic appropriateness for Solar Energy (refer). Some of the fully functional solar plants in India are:

  • The Kamuthi Solar Power Project is in Tamil Nadu and is the highest solar power capacity in a single location: 648 MW
  • Rajasthan is home for the 100 MW solar CSP plant at Dhirubhai Ambani and is one of India’s most solar-developed states
  • Sakri solar plant in Maharashtra is the biggest solar power plant in the state: 125 MW capacity
  • At Charanka village the Gujarat Solar Park was commissioned by the state and is Asia’s largest solar park: 1100 MW
  • Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park was installed in Andhra Pradesh: 1000 MW

Solar Power in Homes and Villages

Many people were skeptical at first, but the fact that several villages have already adopted solar energy, making them running on solar power remotely shows that the doubt in solar power is long gone. Homes in India have adopted solar energy and at the end of March 2017 it was reported that 1,784 MW was the capacity of photovoltaic in Rajasthan. Solar energy used for electrical appliances, lights, solar lamps, water heaters to electrical cars as well in agriculture is growing and bringing new positive changes.

There is no doubt that solar energy is soon to become the main source of energy. With every one working together including private sectors, governments, organizations, public and private sectors there is hope around financing for climate changes. So as long as the sun is shining bright, there is hope for a brighter future.

This article was written by a guest author Matthew, who is a home improvement and green technology writer for South Shore Roofing in Georgia. He promotes sustainable living, with highlight on green houses and solar energy.

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